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Buzau County

The territory of Buzau, a cradle of yore of Romanian culture and civilisation, preserves vestiges attesting to human life in the area since time immemorial. Ground stone or bone tools and weapons have been unearthed in several places on the county territory, as well as ceramic objects from the Neolithic and the Bronze Age belonging to the Boian, Gumesti and Monteoru cultures. Vestiges of the Bronze Age have been discovered in the hilly region, which, along with the ruins of the roman camp of Pietroasele and the ruins of several Dacian settlements, probate the continuity of life and civilisation in this expanse. The toponym Mousaios (Buzau) was first mentioned in writing in the letter the Roman governor of Dobrogea sent in 376 AD to Vasile cel Mare, the Christian bishop of Capadochia. The letter mentioned the existence, on the banks of the Mousaios river, of an urban settlement (polis) named Mousaios (Buzau) as well. The document can be found in the Vatican Library. Here are some of the unique tourist attractions of the county of Buzau: the mud volcanoes of Paclele-Berca, the Oil Mine of Sarata Monteoru, the Open-air Sculpture Exhibition of Ciolanu-Magura, the amber collection of Colti, the Active Fires of Lopatari, the Cave Shelters of Bozioru, the salt cave of Meledic, the Communal Palace of Buzau, the Episcopal Palace of Buzau.

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Geographical Outline

The county of Buzau is located in the south-east of Romania, between 4444 and 4549 N Lat. and between 2604 and 2726 E Long. The county stretches over most of the hydrographic basin of the Buzau river whose springs are in the Curve Carpathians. The harmonious disposition of three relief contours characterises the county of Buzau: to the north, there are the Buzau mountains, part of the Curve Carpathians; to the south, there is a plain belonging to the Great Romanian Plain; in between, a hilly region covered with extensive orchards. Some of the hills look to the south, which makes them enjoy a south-Mediterranean climate favourable to viticulture the Pietroasele region is famous for its wines. The county of Buzau, belonging historically and geographically to Muntenia (Wallachia), is located in fact at the cross-roads of four major Romanian provinces: Transylvania, Moldavia, Muntenia and Dobrogea, which has been highly consequential for both the history and the economic development of the area. The climate is temperate-continental, as everywhere else in the country: mean temperatures vary between 12C and 14C. Maximum temperatures go in July up to 37C, while minimum temperatures are registered in February, -26C. Annual waterfalls, rather poor, range between 400 mm and 500 mm. The subsoil is rich in salt deposits, natural gas, coal, mineral waters, amber. The county area is 6,103 sq. km. The county population numbers 520,000 inhabitants. The town of Buzau is the county seat, located on the right bank of the Buzau river. The town is a turn-table for the four major Romanian provinces, Muntenia, Moldavia, Transylvania and Dobrogea. Buzau is 125 km away from Bucharest and 250 km away from the Black Sea coast on the E85 European highway. Its geographical location at the cross-roads of the main routes in the four Romanian provinces has been of great consequence for the evolution of the town as it has constantly been an important trade centre.

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Touristic Information

Situated in the South-Eastern part of Romania, this county covers the main part of the hydrographic basin of the Buzau River and gathers harmoniously three kinds of relief: mountains to the North, plains to the South and between them a hilly sub-Carpathians area. The capital city is the municipality of Buzau. The geographical configuration, the variety of the land, and the multitude of rivers created good conditions for peoples' settling and continuity in this region since the oldest time. The natural landscape varied especially in mountain and hilly zones as well as historic, ethnographic and folk elements offer special attractions for tourists. The Buzau and Vrancea Mountains situated in the Northern part of this county with their century-old forests and large pastures, with their rich fauna are points of interest for tourists to take a rest here as well as for hunters and fishers. The Buzau Mountains consist in five massives - the Penteleu being the greatest and highest (1772 m above sea level). The Siriu (1659 m above sea level) is easier to be climbed and more attractive thanks to its picturesque landscape with slowly summits and alpine clearings. From its top the nature offers a wonderful view. Here there is the Eagles Lake (Lacul Vulturilor) named also the Bottomless Lake dating from the Periglacial and being an impressive phenomena on the high altitude. In the hilly zone known under the name of the Buzau Sub-Carpathians, with altitudes between 400 and 800 m above sea level, the vineyards are all over. The Dealul Mare Vineyard is the most known. In this zone there is also an unique phenomenon: the Muddy Volcanos on the Dealurile Paclelor. On the Slanic Valley, near by Lopatar, there is other impressive phenomenon at 700 m above sea level: the so-called alive tire". In fact there are blue flames which burn in the deep cracks of soil. In the Buzau county the lakes are an interesting point of tourist attraction: Joseni, Policiori Lakes, situated on the Grabicina Valley; the Melediu Lake at Odaile; the Amara and Balta Alba lakes known for their therapeutically mud. To cure the tourists are able to spend their holidays is spas like Sirata-Monteom (mineral waters for rheumatism) and the Fisici and Siriu Spas. The main cultural, historic and architectural monuments are as follows: Roman camp and thermae in the village of r Pietroasele; rupestral places at Alunis-Colli and Fisici-Bozioru: the Dormition of the Holy Virgin Centre in Brancoveanu's style in the town of Ramnicu Sarat; "Vasile Voiculescu" Library in Buzau, founded in 1893; the Museum of Amber in Colti; Magura open-air sculpture camp with its 256 stone sculptures made by sculptors in its 16 editions. Also there are other important places: the Communal Palace built in 1899-1903 and being the Townhall of Buzau now: the Episcopal Cathedral built in 1649; the Theological Seminary built in 1838, the Law Court built in 1911 -1912; the Museum of the Buzau county; the Dumbrava Graveyard in Buzau where there are two of Brancusi's sculptures (Prayer and PetreStanescu's bust). An important page of history in this county is the Hatching hen and its chickens golden Treasure discovered in 1837 by two stone hewers in Dealul Istrita.

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Economy Profile



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